Anxiety disorders are many and varied. They are associated with different conditions and different causes. Anxiety is a condition where there is a constant fear, worry and ill feeling about the future. Whereas everyone gets anxious, anxiety can turn out to be an excessive disorder in a lot of people.
Such disorders can lead to negative results physically, mentally, socially, emotionally, and psychologically. However, one of those anxiety disorders is the obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder that occurs when there are repeated thoughts, ideas, sensations or mental images that drive people to engage in repetitive actions and behavioral patterns.
Obsession is what results from the repetitive thoughts and mental images. Compulsion is what occurs from the repetitive actions and behavioral patterns. When the obsession is not matched by a compulsion, anxiety results and the sufferer becomes unsettled.
Such thoughts, ideas, sensations and mental images are repetitive, unwanted and persistent. The resulting actions and behavioral patterns are rigid demands on time and schedule. In which case, the sufferer cannot focus on something else at that time.
Many of the patients know that the obsessions are not true or real. But the diseased condition makes them to keep focusing on the obsessions until the compulsion meet with the objections before they get peace. But the peace is momentary. The pattern (obsession-compulsion) still reoccurs over and over again.
In America, about 1.2% of the population suffers from OCD and the symptoms are seen on the average at age 19. The symptoms are more common in women than men. Young people hardly discover the presence of OCD on their own. Most of the time, it is the parent or teachers that discover the pattern. Early detection is more common among adults.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health and the American Psychiatry Association, symptoms of OCD can include the following symptoms for obsessions:
In the case of compulsions, symptoms include:
However, it should be noted that the mere presence of these symptoms is not a proof that a person has OCD. The diagnosis of OCD only becomes plausible when the person who has symptoms:
The specific cause of OCD is actually unknown. But studies have shown that some particular conditions can increase the possibility of being diagnosed with the disease.
A medical history of OCD in the family can cause it to spread genetically. The probability increases if the family member had it in childhood or teenage life. Genetics is said to contribute about 45%-65% of cases of OCD.
Another risk factor is abuse and traumatic events that happens in early life. When children and teens are subjected to traumatic events or physical and sexual abuse in their early life, the possibility of developing OCD increases.
Problems with the brain structure and communication between parts of the brain have been found to be a common theme among OCD patients.
The structure of their frontal cortex and subcortical structure tend to be different from the norm. The communication errors occur between the orbitofrontal cortex, the anterior cingulate cortex, the striatum, and the thalamus.
There are also cases of abnormal functioning in brain chemicals like dopamine, serotonin and glutamate.
The tendency to misinterpret the importance of intrusive thoughts has been identified as another possible cause of the development of OCD. In summary, OCD results from a combination of genetic, behavioral, psychological and environmental factors.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is not without its pain points. There are many negative feelings and conditions that results from these obsessions and compulsions.
First is the endless distraction and inability to focus. On the average, OCD patients spend about one hour focusing on one of the obsessions and compulsion cycle. If there are many obsessions and compulsions cycles, consider how many hours are wasted every blessed day. OCD patients can be easily distracted from work, from rest and from any other activities to pay attention to their obsessions.
Secondly, distractions reduce productivity. The distractions and lack of ability to focus tend to reduce their productivity. Time is lost doing unimportant routines and the distraction from the important things reduces productivity. Furthermore, OCD is associated with other conditions like depression, body dysmorphic disorder, hypochondriasis, excoriation, trichotillomania among many others.
Third, even though the compulsions are meant to take away the anxiety from the obsessions, the anxiety is never gone. OCD patients have to continue to battle with the anxiety of their real or imagined obsessions.
Finally, OCD can reduce the quality of life of the sufferer. Physical stress results from the disorder. There is emotional imbalance that can result into depression. There is psychological inability to focus which might affect social relations.
There are many treatment options that have been used for OCD in recent years. Some of the treatment options involve medication while others involve some therapies.
Psychotherapy treatments have been used for the treatment of OCD. Some of the common uses include:
Since the compulsions results from the obsessions, the patient is helped to identify the presence or absence of evidence for the obsessions and the cognitive distortions that have affected their evaluation. The patient is then made to develop an alternative and healthy response to those thoughts
Response helps people to reject the impulse to perform the compulsions that go along with their obsessions.
The use of CBD as a treatment option for OCD is a growing body of research.
CBD has been known to contain quality features and contents that help to fight anxiety and depression. It helps in the treatment of a broad range of anxiety disorders, social anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorders, and panic disorders.
Antipsychotic drugs and SSRis are known to cause a lot of negative side effects to the users. Some of these include insomnia, headache, drowsiness, memory loss, blurred vision, and nausea, among others.
However, with the use of CBD as a treatment option for OCD, there are no negative side effects. The anxiolytic and antipsychotic qualities in the CBD offers great relief and cure for OCD patients without the attendant side effects.
The CBD dominant cure also helps patients without the attendant “high” feeling of the THC alternative.
Anxiety, stress and traumatic conditions result when the endocannabinoid level in the body is diminished. Research has shown that one significant way to increase the level of endocannabinoid in the body is CBD.
CBD helps to increase the level of endocannabinoid in the body and relieve patients of anxiety and other anxiety related disorders like the obsessive-compulsive disorder.
OCD patients have to respond to the intrusive thoughts and feelings through the compulsive actions and behavior patterns as a way to treat the anxiety that results from those thoughts.
However, CBD can help patients to overcome by standing in between that road from obsession to compulsion. They do this by relieving the anxiety that occurs and as a result making the need for compulsions needless.
The reason why the compulsions are inviting is the anxiety for them. But CBD helps to take that anxiety away and refocus the mind on other things
There has not been a research on whether the CBD treatment can be combined with the other drugs. It is better to speak with your doctor to get an approval if you intend to use CBD with other drugs for OCD. However, CBD will work well with the other therapeutic treatments.
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OCD is an anxiety disorder disease that has many negative effects including distraction, anxiety, depression, lack of productivity and other diseases. OCD creates a chain of obsessions and compulsions that causes anxiety if it not met. The chain is repetitive and causes a lot of distractions.
Common treatment methods include psychotherapy, SSRIs and antipsychotic medications. However, CBD has proven to be a quality solution to anxiety related disorders like OCD. CBD offers a great treatment for OCD without the side effects that often come with the other forms of medications.
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